Here are some of Romania’s geographic superlatives:
- The Black Church in Braşov is the largest gothic church east of Vienna. It has the largest organ in Europe with 4000 tubes, built by Buchholz, Berlin’s famous organ builder, in 1836, as well as the largest bell in Romania, weighing 6.3 tons.
- Braşov is home to what is said to be the narrowest street in Europe, the Rope Street (Strada Sforii), which is approximately four feet wide and was initially used as an access-route by firefighters.
- Sighişoara’s fortress is thought to be the best preserved and continuously inhabited, early middle age city in Europe.
- The Palace of Parliament in Bucharest is, according to the World Records
Academy, the largest and most expensive civil administration building in the world. It is also considered to be the biggest office building in Europe, having 3.9 million square feet and second-largest in the world, after the U.S. Pentagon.
- The Merry Cemetery in the village of Săpânța – Maramureş is one of the happiest cemeteries on Earth. One of the world’s most unique – in all respects – resting places, is well known for over 800 colorful gravestones, carved in oak and decorated with colorful paintings and funny epitaphs about the deceased.
- The tallest wooden church in the world, Săpânţa Peri, Maramureş, can be found in the northwestern part of Romania. The 257 feet tall church, dedicated to St. Michael, culminates with a 23 feet cross that weighs 1,000 lbs.
- Romania is home to the second largest outdoor museum in the world, Astra Museum in Sibiu, featuring more than 300 buildings, as well as watermills, windmills and many village architectural style structures.
- The Danube Delta, the most extended wet area in Europe, occupies the third place in the world as biodiversity, after the Great Barrier Reef and Galapagos islands.
- The largest population of brown bears in Europe lives in Romania.
- Romania has 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Churches of Bucovina; the Dacian Fortress of the Orastie Mountains; the Historic Centre of Sighisoara; the Monastery of Horezu; the Villages with Fortified Churches in Transylvania; the Wooden Churches of Maramures; the Danube Delta.
- Romania is Europe’s richest country in gold resources . Also known as the Mineralogical Collection of Brad, The Gold Museum in the small Romanian city of Brad is the only one of its kind in Europe.
- Along the Danube, near the small city of Orsova, in southwestern Romania, lies a high rock sculpture depicting Decebalus, the last king of Dacia, which reaches 9 m in height and 31.6 m in width . The monument is the largest rock sculpture in Europe. Also worth mentioning is the fact that Mount Rushmore in South Dakota, a monumental bas-relief with a sculptural aspect, dedicated to the four American presidents, is only 18 m high.
- Inside the old Salina Turda Salt Mines located in Transylvania, stands the world’s largest salt mine museum. Originally established in the 17th century, the massive mines were formed completely by hand and machine rather than by using explosives. Visitors are invited to descend as far down as almost 400 feet into the Earth in order to witness the history of the trade.
- The second largest underground glacier in Europe in terms of volume, Scarisoara glacier, can be found in Transylvania, in the Bihor Mountains. The 3500-year old glacier has some impressive ice structures, including spectacular 20 foot high ice stalagmite.